Basketball Combination Defense: 1-3 and Chaser

Combo defense 1-3 and chaser

Posted by Coach Creighton Burns

Coaching Basketball

This defense will be used when the opponent has one player who they really depend on to score a ton of points.

You have decided to make someone else on the other team beat you, but you will not let the “star” beat you.

• The defense will show 2-3 as the offense comes down the court.

• #2 will be the “chaser” and play man for man against the opponent’s scorer.

• If the offensive player comes down the defense’s left side of the court, #2 will start on that side.

• If the man to be shadowed comes down the defense’s right side of the court, #2 would start on the right side and #1 would start on the left side of the defense.

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• #1 will play at the top of the 1-3 zone and should not go any wider on the court than 1 step outside the free throw lane lines.

• Note: #1 may have to leave this area in an emergency to challenge a shot.

• #3 and #4 will align on the wings and may be slightly higher than #5.

 

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• If the ball is at the point, #2 will be defending against X2 and the defense will take on a 1-3 look.

• #2 will shadow X2 all over the court.

• If you choose, you can ask #2 to get into a denial position and try to keep the ball out of X2’s hands, or you can let him catch but belly up when he does receive the ball.

• Note: If you decide to deny X2 all over the court, you may want to change defenders who are assigned to keep the ball out of X2’s hands. That is a huge task for only one defender, so you may want to use
multiple defenders over the course of a game.

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• If the ball is on the defense’s right wing, #2 will play on the ball, #5 will cover the ball side block, #4 will cover the backside block and #1 will cover the ball side elbow.

• #2 will shadow X2 all over the floor

 

 

 

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• If the ball is passed to the corner, #3 will slide down and cover the ball.

• #5 will cover the ball side block. #4 will cover the back side block and #1 will cover the ball side elbow.

• As mentioned before, #2 will shadow X2, no matter where he goes.

• Note: If #3 cannot cover the man in the corner, #5 will have to slide out to defend the ball. (See diagram 9)

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• If the ball is on the defense’s left wing, #4 will cover the ball, #5 will defend the ball side block, #3 will cover the back side block and #1 will cover the ball side elbow.

• #2 would deny the pass to X2 down in the corner.

 

 

 

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• If the ball is passed to the corner, #4 should slide down and cover the ball.

• #5 would cover the ball side block, #3 would cover the back side block and #1 would cover the ball side elbow.

• #2 would continue to shadow X2. In this situation, #2 might be able to get into a good help side defensive position since X2 is more than one pass away from the ball.

• Note: if #4 cannot slide quick enough to cover the pass to the corner, #5 may have to slide out to cover the ball. (See diagram 8)

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• If the ball goes down to the short corner, #5 may have to step out and cover the ball.

• #3 would slide across the lane to the ball side block, #1 would move back to cover the back side block and #4 would move back and cover the ball side elbow.

• Note: this is an emergency coverage situation.

 

 

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• This is the same situation as in the previous diagram, but on the opposite side of the court.

• #5 will slide out and cover the ball in the short corner, if he has to.

#4 will slide over and cover the ball side block, #1 will cover the backside block and #3 will move back and cover the ball side elbow.

 

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• If the opponent does not have a strong post presence, you might choose to play a “Box and 1.”

• The slides for the men playing the box would be the same as
those of a straight 2-3 zone.

• It is important to cover both elbows and both blocks when
playing this defense.

 

 

basketball-defense-combination11• On a pass from point to wing, The bottom player on that side would move out and cover until he was told to “drop”.

• In this case, #5 would cover and then drop down when told to by #3.

• #4 and #1 would have to shade over to protect the middle.

 

 

 

basketball-defense-combination12• The pass from point to wing would be cover the same way on the opposite side of the court.

• Note: You can decide whether you need to close out hard, or soft on the other players. Obviously, if you are trying to deny one player, you feel that the other four players are not real good shooters and cannot beat you. Through scouting you can figure out who you need to guard and who you can leave alone.

 

 

basketball-defense-combination13• You could also play a “Diamond and one” combination defense.

• The people in the “Diamond” would slide the same as if playing a 1-3-1 zone defense.

• Again, this defense would be used if the opponent does not have a good post presence.

 

 

 

basketball-defense-combination14• If the ball goes to the corner, #5 would move out to cover. If the player in the corner is not a shooter, you may tell #5 to only close out half way.

• #3 would slide down and cover the backside block, #4 would slide down and cover the ball side block and #1 would cover the ball side
elbow.

 

 

basketball-defense-combination15• This shows the coverage when the ball is in the opposite corner.

• Note: Combination defenses are usually used only for limited periods of time, and usually as a change of pace to keep the offense from getting into a rhythm. But, if the opponent is struggling to score, you may want to stay in the defense for longer periods of time.

• Note; You have to scout! You must know who you have to defend and who you can leave alone. If the opponent has a player who is a non-shooter, you may want to tell him to shoot it each time he touches the ball. As the old saying goes, there is a reason some players are left open.


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